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Lesson 8 Numbers (10-99)
BEFORE YOU BEGIN:
If you have mastered counting from one to nine in Lesson 5 you now need to know only two more words (belas and puluh) to be able to count from 10 to 99.
Counting from 11 to 19 in Malay is simple when you remember how 13 to 19 are counted in English (as in four-teen, six-teen, eighteen, nine-teen). The "teen" in the second syllable is replaced by belas, that's all. Study the examples in the first column.
Counting the tens (10, 20, 30, 40, etc.) in Malay is like counting the tens in English (note the second syllable in forty, six-ty, eighty, nine-ty). The "ty" is replaced by puluh, that's all. Study the examples in the second column.
As for all the other numbers in-between 10 and 99 they are formed in exactly the same way as in English . Thus when you have a number such as 47 you only have to say forty (empat puluh) first, then seven (tujuh). For more examples see Column 3 in the table below (I have underlined the part in tens to help you). Good luck!
Click to listen
A second reading (by Michelle Nor Ismat, a native speaker)
Try to say the random numbers below (they should change if you come back tomorrow). When you are able to do so without looking at the table you would have mastered this lesson. Congratulations! Good work!
27 21 18 54 48 29 73 09
For those who want to know more:
When satu is added to another word it is often contracted to se and tagged on to the following word. Thus "satu" puluh (one ten or 10) becomes sepuluh.
This is also the case with sebelas (= 11 - remember that in Malay all numbers from 11 to 19 end in belas).